Barley (Yava)

Asst. Prof. Dr Abhijeet Shirkande M.D. (Ayu),DYA, M.A. (Sanskrita) and Asst. Prof. Dr Ankita Shirkande M.D. (Ayu), PhD (Scholar)

Botanical name- Hordeum vulgare
Family- Graminae
Rasa- Kashay, Madhur
Vipaka- Madhur
Virya- Sheeta
Guna- Ruksha, Laghu
Doshghnata- Kapha, Pittahara
Synonyms- Satu, Jav, Yav, Sitshuk, Tikshnashuk, Vajipriya, Shuchi
Shukarahit yav-Atiyav
Harityav- Tokma
Best to use- Raw or Hulled Barley
Properties- Balya, Vrushya, Varnya, Deepan, Vranaropaka, Medhya
Yava Peya- to increase weight.

Barley was one of the favorite food of Lokamanya Tilak, Barley roti was his routine diet. Yav satv is very useful to reduce Blood sugar level.

Diuretic, blood purifier. Useful in hyperacidity, obesity, Diabetes, Anemia, excessive thirst, Rheumatism.

Yavkshar~ whole plant (before fruiting) used to prepare kshar.
Yavakshar ~ Useful in flatulence, abdominal pain, Ascities, Hyperactivity, BPH (prostate), Burning urination, Asthma, Kidney Stone.
Sitshuk, Tikshnashuk, Vajipriya, Shuchi
Shukarahit yav- Atiyav
Harityav- Tokma
Baly, Vrushya, Varnya, Deepan, Vranaropaka, mutra kami katanara, Medhya.
Yav Satva- very useful in Diabetes type II.
Yava Peya- to increase weight.
Yavkshar- Amlapitta,to raise Hb.
Yavkshar is useful in gall stone, Hepatitis. Increse the liquidity of Pitta, Reduce abdominal pain Alleviate bile duct inflammation. (Under supervision).

Weight Loss

Soluble fiber (beta-glucan - most effective type of fiber for reducing appetite and food intake - enhances feelings of fullness.

Tummy Tucking

soluble fiber may target belly fat associated with metabolic disease

LDL cholesterol

Beta-glucans - reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol by binding to bile acids(produced by liver from cholesterol & excreted via feces) hence lowering the amount of cholesterol circulating in blood.(In one small study, men with high cholesterol were put on a diet rich in whole wheat, brown rice or barley.After five weeks, those given barley reduced their cholesterol levels by 7% more than participants on the other two diets.)

Improves HDL cholesterol and reduce triglyceride levels the most.

SCFAs produced when healthy gut bacteria feed on soluble fiber may help prevent cholesterol production as well, further reducing cholesterol levels.

Heart Health

Recent review of randomized control studies observed that an average intake of 8.7 grams of soluble fiber per day may be linked to a modest 0.3–1.6 mmHg reduction in blood pressure.

High blood pressure and high LDL cholesterol are two known risk factors for heart disease. Thus, reducing them may protect your heart. ( fiber, potassium, folate, and vitamin B6 content, lack of cholesterol helps a lot)

Blood vessels (Vitamin B6 and folate prevent the buildup of homocysteine which damage blood vessels)

Blood pressure (potassium, calcium, and magnesium helps lowering it)

Diabetes 2 care

Rich magnesium content- Lowers blood sugar levels and improves insulin secretion.

Soluble fiber - binds with water as it moves through digestive tract, slowing down the absorption of sugar into your bloodstream.

In another study, participants with impaired fasting glucose were given either oatmeal or barley flakes daily. After three months, fasting blood sugar and insulin levels decreased by 9–13% more for those eating barley.

Digestion and Bowel regularity

Insoluble fiber — adds bulk to your stool and accelerates intestinal movement, reducing your likelihood of constipation

Soluble fiber - provides food for friendly gut bacteria which in turn, produce short-chain fatty acids. SCFAs help feed gut cells, reducing inflammation and improving symptoms of gut disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis

Prevent Gallstones

Insoluble fiber- prevent formation of gallstones so likelihood of gallbladder surgery. (16-year observational study, women with the highest amounts of fiber intake were 13% less likely to develop gallstones requiring gallbladder removal. This benefit appears to be dose-related, as every 5-gram increase in insoluble fiber intake dropped gallstone risk by around 10%).

Prevent Colon Cancer

Insoluble fiber - reduce the time to clear gut so protective against colon cancers.

Soluble fiber may bind to harmful carcinogens in gut, removing them from your body.

Other compounds — including antioxidants, phytic acid, phenolic acids and saponins — slow its development.

Bone health

(Iron, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, manganese and zinc)


(Selenium - plays a role in liver enzyme function and helps detoxify some cancer-causing compounds, prevent inflammation )


(Choline - sleep, muscle movement, learning, and memory, maintain the structure of cellular membranes, aids in the transmission of nerve impulse.

Barley grain

Hulled barley

Pearl Barley

Barley Plant
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